↑ Return to Cardinal measures

Cardinal model

  • The cardinal model below covers the full set of cardinal measures needed by all managers at all levels – causes and effects are indicated by the connecting arrows but it’s impossible to be more precise

  • Managers cannot just focus on one or two of the above cardinals and ignore the rest – they must always be considered all together

  • They should also be considered simultaneously so as to avoid sub-optimisation – otherwise a headache may be diagnosed when pancreatic cancer is the problem

  • This model links all cardinal measures at all levels and shows the intuitive ’cause and effect’ inter-relationships between each one

1 comment

  1. Tamsin Stanley

    When you say ‘it is impossible to be more precise’ about cause and effect, surely it must be possible to measure impacts, if you try hard enough?

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