Return to Measures

Cardinal model

  • The cardinal model below covers the set of cardinal measures needed by managers at all levels

  • It links all cardinal measures at all levels and thus shows the inter-relationships between each one

  • Managers cannot just focus on one or two of the above cardinals and ignore the rest – they must always consider all those at their level, together

  • They should also be reviewed simultaneously to avoid sub-optimisation

1 comment

    • Tamsin Stanley on 1 April 2017 at 10:09 AM
    • Reply

    When you say ‘it is impossible to be more precise’ about cause and effect, surely it must be possible to measure impacts, if you try hard enough?

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